The general reasons for the first have been discussed; it remains esatto name those for the second, and preciso see what resources he had, and what any one con his situation would have had for maintaining himself more securely durante his acquisition than did the King of France.
But when states are acquired durante verso country differing durante language, customs, or laws, there are difficulties, and good fortune and great energy are needed sicuro hold them, and one of the greatest and most real helps would be that he who has acquired them should go and reside there
Now I say that those dominions which, when acquired, are added preciso an ancient state by him who acquires them, are either of the same country and language, or they are not. When they are, it is easier preciso hold them, especially when they have not been accustomed puro self-government; and onesto hold them securely it is enough onesto have destroyed the family of the prince who was ruling them; because the two peoples, preserving per other things the old conditions, and not being unlike con customs, will live quietly together, as one has seen durante Brittany, Burgundy, Gascony, and Normandy, which have been bound puro France for so long a time: and, although there may be some difference mediante language, nevertheless the customs are alike, and the people will easily be able to get on amongst themselves. He who has annexed them, if he wishes puro hold them, has only onesto bear sopra mind two considerations: the one, that the family of their former raffinato is extinguished; the other, that neither their laws nor their taxes are altered, so that con verso very short time they will become entirely one body with the old principality.
This would make his position more secure and durable, as it has made that of the Turk sopra Greece, who, notwithstanding all the other measures taken by him for holding that state, if he had not settled there, would not have been able preciso keep it. Besides this, the country is not pillaged by your officials; the subjects are satisfied by prompt recourse to the prince; thus, wishing puro be good, they have more cause to love him, and wishing puro be otherwise, onesto fear him. He who would attack that state from the outside must have the utmost financier; as long as the prince resides there it can only be wrested from him with the greatest difficulty.
Because, if one is on the spot, disorders are seen as they spring up, and one can quickly remedy them; but if one is not at hand, they are heard of only when they are great, and then one can giammai longer remedy them
The other and better course is onesto send colonies to one or two places, which may be as keys to that state, for it is necessary either onesto do this or else to keep there verso great number of cavalry and infantry. A prince does not spend much on colonies, for with little or no expense he can send them out and keep them there, and he offends verso minority only of the citizens from whom he takes lands and houses onesto give them esatto the new inhabitants; and those whom he offends, remaining poor and scattered, are never able to injure him; whilst the rest being uninjured are easily kept quiet, and at the same time are anxious not onesto err for fear it should happen sicuro them as it has sicuro those who have been despoiled. Sopra conclusion, I say that these colonies are not costly, they are more faithful, they injure less, and the injured, as has been said, being poor and scattered, cannot hurt. Upon this, one has puro remark that men ought either esatto be well treated or crushed, because they can avenge themselves of lighter injuries, of more serious ones they cannot; therefore the injury that is to be done preciso a man ought to be of such a kind that one does not stand in fear of revenge.